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EPRI EMF Health Assessment Bibliography of Peer-Reviewed Papers

Bracken TD, Kavet R, Patterson RM, Fordyce TA. An integrated job exposure matrix for electrical exposures of utility workers. J Occup Environ Hyg 2009;6(8):499–509.

Kheifets L, Bowman JD, Checkoway H, Feychting M, Harrington M, Kavet R, Marsh G, Mezei G, Renew DC, van Wijngaarden E. Future needs of occupational epidemiology of extremely low frequency (ELF) electric and magnetic fields (EMF): review and recommendations. Occup Environ Med advance online publication, 19 Sep 2008; doi:10.1136/oem.2007.037994.

Kheifets L, Monroe J, Vergara X, Mezei G, Afifi A. Occupational electromagnetic fields and leukemia and brain cancer: an update to two meta-analyses. J Occup Environ Med 2008;50:677–88.

Thuróczy G, Jánossy G, Nagy N, Bakos J, Szabó J, Mezei G. Exposure to 50 Hz magnetic field in apartment buildings with built-in transformer stations in Hungary. Radiat Prot Dosimetry 2008;131:469–73.

Mezei G, Spinelli JJ, Wong P, Borugian M, McBride ML. Assessment of selection bias in the Canadian case-control study of residential magnetic field exposure and childhood leukemia. Am J Epidemiol 2008;167:1504–10.

Kavet R, Bailey WH, Bracken TD, Patterson RM. Recent advances in research relevant to electric and magnetic field exposure guidelines. Bioelectromagnetics 2008;29:499–526.

Findlay RP, Dimbylow PJ. Calculated SAR distributions in a human voxel phantom due to the reflection of electromagnetic fields from a ground plane between 65 MHz and 2 GHz. Phys Med Biol 2008;53:2277–89

Mezei G, Gadallah M, Kheifets L. Residential magnetic field exposure and childhood brain cancer: a meta-analysis. Epidemiology 2008;19:424–30.

Ilonen K, Markkanen A, Mezei G, Juutilainen J. Indoor transformer stations as predictors of residential ELF magnetic field exposure. Bioelectromagnetics 2008;29:213–8.

Schüz J, Svendsen AL, Linet MS, McBride ML, Roman E, Feychting M, Kheifets L, Lightfoot T, Mezei G, Simpson J, Ahlbom A. Nighttime exposure to electromagnetic fields and childhood leukemia: an extended pooled analysis. Am J Epidemiol advance online publication, 7 May 2007; doi:10.1093/aje/kwm080.

Li CY, Mezei G, Sung FC, Silva M, Lee PC, Chen PC, Chen LM. Assessment of non-response bias in a survey of residential magnetic field exposure in Taiwan. Bioelectromagnetics advance online publication, 16 Apr 2007; doi: 10.1002/bem.20306.

Li CY, Sung FC, Chen FL, Lee PC, Silva M, Mezei G. Extremely-low-frequency magnetic field exposure of children at schools near high voltage transmission lines. Sci Total Environ 2007;376:151–9.

Li CY, Mezei G, Sung FC, Silva M, Chen PC, Lee PC, Chen LM. Survey of residential extremely-low-frequency magnetic field exposure among children in Taiwan.
Environ Int 2007;33:233–8.

Foliart DE, Mezei G, Iriye R, Silva JM, Ebi KL, Kheifets L, Link MP, Kavet R, Pollock BH. Magnetic field exposure and prognostic factors in childhood leukemia.
Bioelectromagnetics 2007;28:69–71.

Mezei G, Benyi M, Muller A. Mobile phone ownership and use among school children in three Hungarian cities. Bioelectromagnetics 2007; 28:309– 15.

Bowman J, Niple J, Kavet R. Pilot measurements of ELF contact currents in some electric utility occupations. J Occup Environ Hyg 2006;3:323–33.

Kavet R, Daigle JP, Zaffanella LE. Residential magnetic fields, contact voltage and their relationship: the effects of distribution unbalance and residential proximity to a transmission line. Health Phys 2006;91:592–607.

Mezei G, Borugian MJ, Spinelli JJ, Wilkins R, Abanto Z, McBride ML. Socioeconomic status and childhood solid tumor and lymphoma incidence in Canada.
Am J Epidemiol 2006;164:170–5.

Mezei G, Bracken TD, Senior R, Kavet R. Analyses of magnetic-field peak-exposure summary measures. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 2006;16:477–85.

Mezei G, Kheifets L. Selection bias and its implications for case-control studies: a case study of magnetic field exposure and childhood leukaemia. Int J Epidemiol 2006;35:397–406.  

Poole C, Greenland S, Luetters C, Kelsey JL, Mezei G. Socioeconomic status and childhood leukaemia: a review. Int J Epidemiol 2006;35:370–84.

Szabo J, Mezei K, Thuroczy G, Mezei G. Occupational 50 Hz magnetic field exposure measurements among female sewing machine operators in Hungary. Bioelectromagnetics 2006;27:451–7.

Savitz DA, Herring AH, Mezei G, Evenson K, Terry J, Kavet R. Physical activity and magnetic field exposure in pregnancy. Epidemiology 2006;17:222–5.

Foliart DE, Pollock BH, Mezei G, Iriye R, Silva JM, Ebi KL, Kheifets L, Link MP, Kavet R. Magnetic field exposure and long-term survival among children with leukaemia. Br J Cancer 2006;94:161–4.

Peck SC, Kavet R. Research strategies for magnetic fields and cancer. Risk Anal 2005;25:179–88.

Patterson RM, Bracken TD, Alldredge JR. Assessing compliance with 60-Hertz magnetic-field exposure guidelines. J Occup Environ Hyg 2005;2:77–85.

Stuchly MA, Kavet R. Numerical modeling of pacemaker interference in the electric utility environment. IEEE Trans Device Mater Reliab 2005;5:481–487.

Niple JC, Sahl JD, Kelsh MA, Kavet R. Equipment grounding affects contact current exposure: a case study of sewing machines. Ann Occup Hyg 2005;49:673–82.

Mezei G, Cher D, Kelsh M, Edinboro C, Chapman P, Kavet R. Occupational magnetic field exposure, cardiovascular disease mortality, and potential confounding by smoking. Ann Epidemiol 2005;15:622–9.

Kheifets L, Sahl JD, Shimkhada R, Repacholi MH. Developing policy in the face of scientific uncertainty: Interpreting 0.3 mT or 0.4 mT cutpoints from EMF epidemiologic studies. Risk Anal 2005;25:927-35.

Kavet R. Contact current hypothesis: Summary of results to date. Bioelectromagnetics 2005;26:S75–S85.

Bracken TD. 60-Hertz electric-field exposures in transmission line towers. J Occup Environ Hyg 2005;2:444–455.

Bracken TD, Senior RS, Bailey WH. DC electric fields from corona-generated space charge near AC transmission lines. IEEE Trans Power Delivery 2005;20:1692–1702.

Borugian MJ, Spinelli JJ, Mezei G, Wilkins R, Abanto Z, McBride ML. Childhood leukemia and socioeconomic status in Canada. Epidemiology 2005;16:526–31.

Bailey WH, Nyenhuis JA. Thresholds for 60 Hz magnetic field stimulation of peripheral nerves in human subjects. Bioelectromagnetics 2005;26:462–8.

Niple JC, Daigle JP, Zaffanella LE, Sullivan T, Kavet R. A portable meter for measuring low frequency currents in the human body. Bioelectromagnetics 2004;25:369–73.

McCormick DL, Kavet R. Animal models for the study of childhood leukemia: considerations for model identification and optimization to identify potential risk factors. Int J Toxicol 2004;23:149–61.

Kavet R, Zaffanella LE, Pearson RL, Dallapiazza J. Association of residential magnetic fields with contact voltage. Bioelectromagnetics 2004;25:530–6.

Forssen UM, Mezei G, Nise G, Feychting M. Occupational magnetic field exposure among women in Stockholm County, Sweden. Occup Environ Med 2004;61:594–602.

Dawson TW, Stuchly MA, Kavet R. Electric fields in the human body due to electrostatic discharges. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2004;51:1460–8.

Dawson TW, Stuchly MA, Kavet R. Evaluation of interactions of electric fields due to electrostatic discharge with human tissue. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2004;51:2194–8.

Kelsh MA, Bracken TD, Sahl JD, Shum M, Ebi KL. Occupational magnetic field exposures of garment workers: results of personal and survey measurements. Bioelectromagnetics 2003;24:316–26.

Dawson TW, Caputa K, Stuchly MA, Kavet R. Comparison of electric fields induced in humans and rodents by 60-Hz contact currents. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2003;50:744–53.

Brain JD, Kavet R, McCormick DL, Poole C, Silverman LB, Smith TJ, Valberg PA, Van Etten RA, Weaver JC. Childhood leukemia: electric and magnetic fields as possible risk factors. Environ Health Perspect 2003;111:962–70.

Yamaguchi DT, Huang J, Ma D, Wang PK. Inhibition of gap junction intercellular communication by extremely low- frequency electromagnetic fields in osteoblast-like models is dependent on cell differentiation. J Cell Physiol 2002;190:180–8.

Swanson J. A transmission utility's experience of applying EMF exposure standards. Health Phys 2002;83:417–25.

Stuchly MA, Dawson TW. Human body exposure to power lines: relation of induced quantities to external magnetic fields. Health Phys 2002;83:333–40.

Sheppard AR, Kavet R, Renew DC. Exposure guidelines for low-frequency electric and magnetic fields: report from the Brussels workshop. Health Phys 2002;83:324–32.

Saunders RD, Jefferys JG. Weak electric field interactions in the central nervous system. Health Phys 2002;83:366-75.

Sastre A, Kavet R. Candidate sites of action for microdosimetry associated with exposure to extremely-low-frequency magnetic fields, electric fields and contact currents. Health Phys 2002;83:387–94.

Sahl J, Mezei G, Kavet R, McMillan A, Silvers A, Sastre A, Kheifets L. Occupational magnetic field exposure and cardiovascular mortality in a cohort of electric utility workers. Am J Epidemiol. 2002;156:913–918.

Renew DC, Glover ID. Basic restrictions in EMF exposure guidelines. Health Phys 2002;83:395–401.

Reilly JP, Diamant AM. Neuroelectric mechanisms applied to low frequency electric and magnetic field exposure guidelines--part II: non sinusoidal waveforms. Health Phys 2002;83:356–65.

Reilly JP. Neuroelectric mechanisms applied to low frequency electric and magnetic field exposure guidelines--part I: sinusoidal waveforms. Health Phys 2002;83:341–55.

Rankin RF, Dan Bracken T, Senior RS, Kavet R, Montgomery JH. Results of a multisite study of U.S. residential magnetic fields. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 2002;12:9–20.

Mezei G, Kheifets LI. Clues to the possible viral etiology of childhood leukemia. Technology 2002;9:3–14.

Kavet R, Zaffanella LE. Contact voltage measured in residences: implications to the association between magnetic fields and childhood leukemia. Bioelectromagnetics 2002;23:464–474.

Kaune WT, Dovan T, Kavet RI, Savitz DA, Neutra RR. Study of high- and low-current-configuration homes from the 1988 Denver childhood cancer study. Bioelectromagnetics 2002;23:177–88.

Johnson KC, Goodman M, Kelsh M, Iannuzzi J, Ebi K, Langholz B. Passive and active smoking as possible confounders in studies of breast cancer risk. Epidemiology 2002;13:610; discussion 610–1.

Goodman M, Kelsh M, Ebi K, Iannuzzi J, Langholz B. Evaluation of potential confounders in planning a study of occupational magnetic field exposure and female breast cancer. Epidemiology 2002;13:50–8.

Foliart DE, Iriye RN, Silva JM, Mezei G, Tarr KJ, Ebi KL. Correlation of year-to-year magnetic field exposure metrics among children in a leukemia survival study. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 2002;12:441–7.

Dawson TW, Caputa K, Stuchly MA, Shepard RB, Kavet R, Sastre A. Pacemaker interference by magnetic fields at power line frequencies. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2002;49:254–62.

Dawson TW, Caputa K, Stuchly MA, Kavet R. Pacemaker interference by 60-Hz contact currents. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2002;49:878–886.

Dawson TW, Caputa K, Stuchly MA. Magnetic field exposures for UK live-line workers. Phys Med Biol 2002;47:995–1012.

Dawson TW, Caputa K, Stuchly MA. Electric fields induced in humans and rodents by 60 Hz magnetic fields. Phys Med Biol 2002;47:2561–8.

Bracken TD. Assessing compliance with power-frequency magnetic-field guidelines. Health Phys 2002;83:409–16.

Bailey WH. Dealing with uncertainty in formulating occupational and public exposure limits. Health Phys 2002;83:402–8.

Bailey WH. Health effects relevant to the setting of EMF exposure limits. Health Phys 2002;83:376–86.

van Wijngaarden E, Savitz DA, Kleckner RC, Kavet R, Loomis D. Mortality patterns by occupation in a cohort of electric utility workers. Am J Ind Med 2001;40:667–73.

Mezei G, Kheifets LI, Nelson LM, Mills KM, Iriye R, Kelsey JL. Household appliance use and residential exposure to 60-hz magnetic fields. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 2001;11:41–9.

Kheifets LI. Electric and magnetic field exposure and brain cancer: a review. Bioelectromagnetics 2001;Suppl:S120–31.

Kheifets LI, Greenberg RS, Neutra RR, Hester GL, Poole CL, Rall DP, Lundell G. Electric and magnetic fields and cancer: case study. Am J Epidemiol 2001;154:S50–9.

Kavet R, Stuchly MA, Bailey WH, Bracken TD. Evaluation of biological effects, dosimetric models, and exposure assessment related to ELF electric- and magnetic-field guidelines. Appl Occup Environ Hyg 2001;16:1118–38.

Kaune WT, Davis S, Stevens RG, Mirick DK, Kheifets L. Measuring temporal variability in residential magnetic field exposures. Bioelectromagnetics 2001;22:232–45.

Hefeneider SH, McCoy SL, Hausman FA, Christensen HL, Takahashi D, Perrin N, Bracken TD, Shin KY, Hall AS. Long-term effects of 60-Hz electric vs. magnetic fields on IL-1 and IL-2 activity in sheep. Bioelectromagnetics 2001;22:170–7.

Guttman JL, Niple J, Kavet R, Johnson GB. Measurement instrumentation for transient magnetic fields and currents. Proc IEEE EMC Int Symp 2001;1:419–424.

Guttman JL, Kavet R, Johnson GB. Transient magnetic fields and currents in residences. Proc IEEE EMC Int Symp. Montreal, Canada, 2001;227–232.

Foliart DE, Iriye RN, Tarr KJ, Silva JM, Kavet R, Ebi KL. Alternative magnetic field exposure metrics: relationship to TWA, appliance use, and demographic characteristics of children in a leukemia survival study. Bioelectromagnetics 2001;22:574–580.

Dawson TW, Caputa K, Stuchly MA, Kavet R. Electric fields in the human body resulting from 60-Hz contact currents. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2001;48:1020–1026.

Davis S, Kaune WT, Mirick DK, Chen C, Stevens RG. Residential magnetic fields, light-at-night, and nocturnal urinary 6- sulfatoxymelatonin concentration in women. Am J Epidemiol 2001;154:591–600.

Bracken TD, Rankin RF, Senior RS, Kavet R, Geissinger LG. Magnetic-field exposures of cable splicers in electrical network distribution vaults. Appl Occup Environ Hyg 2001;16:369-79.

Anderson LE, Morris JE, Miller DL, Rafferty CN, Ebi KL, Sasser LB. Large granular lymphocytic (LGL) leukemia in rats exposed to intermittent 60 Hz magnetic fields. Bioelectromagnetics 2001;22:185-93.

van Wijngaarden E, Savitz DA. Occupational sunlight exposure in relation to suicide among electric utility workers. Am J Ind Med 2000;38:149-54.

van Wijngaarden E, Savitz DA, Kleckner RC, Cai J, Loomis D. Exposure to electromagnetic fields and suicide among electric utility workers: a nested case-control study. West J Med 2000;173:94-100.

Stevens RG, Davis S, Mirick DK, Kheifets L, Kaune W. Alcohol consumption and urinary concentration of 6-sulfatoxymelatonin in healthy women. Epidemiology 2000;11:660-5.

Savitz DA, Cai J, van Wijngaarden E, Loomis D, Mihlan G, Dufort V, Kleckner RC, Nylander-French L, Kromhout H, Zhou H. Case-cohort analysis of brain cancer and leukemia in electric utility workers using a refined magnetic field job-exposure matrix. Am J Ind Med 2000;38:417-25.

Mills KM, Kheifets LI, Nelson LM, Bloch DA, Takemoto-Hambleton R, Kelsey JL. Reliability of proxy-reported and self-reported household appliance use. Epidemiology 2000;11:581-8.

McCann J, Kavet R, Rafferty CN. Assessing the potential carcinogenic activity of magnetic fields using animal models. Environ Health Perspect 2000;108 Suppl 1:79-100.

Kavet R, Zaffanella LE, Daigle JP, Ebi KL. The possible role of contact current in cancer risk associated with residential magnetic fields. Bioelectromagnetics 2000;21:538-53.

Kaune WT, Bracken TD, Senior RS, Rankin RF, Niple JC, Kavet R. Rate of occurrence of transient magnetic field events in U.S. residences. Bioelectromagnetics 2000;21:197-213.

Graham C, Sastre A, Cook MR, Kavet R. Heart rate variability and physiological arousal in men exposed to 60 Hz magnetic fields. Bioelectromagnetics 2000;21:480-2.

Graham C, Sastre A, Cook MR, Kavet R, Gerkovich MM, Riffle DW. Exposure to strong ELF magnetic fields does not alter cardiac autonomic control mechanisms. Bioelectromagnetics 2000;21:413-21.

Graham C, Cook MR, Sastre A, Gerkovich MM, Kavet R. Cardiac autonomic control mechanisms in power-frequency magnetic fields: a multistudy analysis. Environ Health Perspect 2000;108:737-742.

Ebi KL, Kheifets LI, Pearson RL, Wachtel H. Description of a new computer wire coding method and its application to evaluate potential control selection bias in the Savitz et al. childhood cancer study. Bioelectromagnetics 2000;21:346-53.

Dawson TW, Stuchly MA, Caputa K, Sastre A, Shepard RB, Kavet R. Pacemaker interference and low-frequency electric induction in humans by external fields and electrodes. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2000;47:1211-1218.

Cook MR, Graham C, Kavet R, Stevens RG, Davis S, Kheifets L. Morning urinary assessment of nocturnal melatonin secretion in older women. J Pineal Res 2000;28:41-7.

Chen G, Upham BL, Sun W, Chang CC, Rothwell EJ, Chen KM, Yamasaki H, Trosko JE. Effect of electromagnetic field exposure on chemically induced differentiation of friend erythroleukemia cells. Environ Health Perspect 2000;108:967-72.

Boorman GA, Rafferty CN, Ward JM, Sills RC. Leukemia and lymphoma incidence in rodents exposed to low-frequency magnetic fields. Radiat Res 2000;153:627-36.

Babbitt JT, Kharazi AI, Taylor JM, Bonds CB, Mirell SG, Frumkin E, Zhuang D, Hahn TJ. Hematopoietic neoplasia in C57BL/6 mice exposed to split-dose ionizing radiation and circularly polarized 60 Hz magnetic fields. Carcinogenesis 2000;21:1379-89.

Williams JR, Zhang Y, Zhou H, Osman M, Cha D, Kavet R, Cuccinotta F, Dicello JF, Dillehay LE. Predicting cancer rates in astronauts from animal carcinogenesis studies and cellular markers. Mutat Res 1999;430:255-69.

van Wijngaarden E, Savitz DA, Kleckner RC, Mihlan G, Nylander-French LA, Dufort V, Cai J, Loomis D, Kromhout H. Refinements in magnetic field exposure assignment for a case-cohort study of electrical utility workers. Ann Occup Hyg 1999;43:485-92.

Savitz DA, Liao D, Sastre A, Kleckner RC, Kavet R. Magnetic field exposure and cardiovascular disease mortality among electric utility workers [see comments]. Am J Epidemiol 1999;149:135-42.

Savitz DA, Liao D, Sastre A, Kleckner RC, Kavet R. Magnetic field exposure and cardiovascular disease mortality among electric utility workers. Am J Epidemiol 1999;149:135-42.

Morris JE, Sasser LB, Miller DL, Dagle GE, Rafferty CN, Ebi KL, Anderson LE. Clinical progression of transplanted large granular lymphocytic leukemia in Fischer 344 rats exposed to 60 Hz magnetic fields. Bioelectromagnetics 1999;20:48-56.

McBride ML, Gallagher RP, Theriault G, Armstrong BG, Tamaro S, Spinelli JJ, Deadman JE, Fincham S, Robson D, Choi W. Power-frequency electric and magnetic fields and risk of childhood leukemia in Canada. Am J Epidemiol 1999;149:831-42.

Loomis D, Dufort V, Kleckner RC, Savitz DA. Fatal occupational injuries among electric power company workers. Am J Ind Med 1999;35:302-9.

Kheifets L. Occupational exposure assessment in epidemiological studies of EMF. Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry 1999;83:61-69.

Kheifets LI, Sussman SS, Preston-Martin S. Childhood brain tumors and residential electromagnetic fields (EMF). Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 1999;159:111-29.

Kheifets LI, Matkin CC. Industrialization, electromagnetic fields, and breast cancer risk. Environ Health Perspect 1999;107 Suppl 1:145-54.

Kheifets LI, Gilbert ES, Sussman SS, Guenel P, Sahl JD, Savitz DA, Theriault G. Comparative analyses of the studies of magnetic fields and cancer in electric utility workers: studies from France, Canada, and the United States. Occup Environ Med 1999;56:567-74.

Kavet R, Ulrich RM, Kaune WT, Johnson GB, Powers T. Determinants of power-frequency magnetic fields in residences located away from overhead power lines. Bioelectromagnetics 1999;20:306-18.

Kavet R. ELF magnetic fields, transients and TWA metrics. Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry 1999;83:29-40.

Ebi KL. Developments in the generation and interpretation of wire codes. Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry 1999;83:71-78.

Ebi KL, Zaffanella LE, Greenland S. Application of the case-specular method to two studies of wire codes and childhood cancers. Epidemiology 1999;10:398-404.

DiGiovanni J, Johnston DA, Rupp T, Sasser LB, Anderson LE, Morris JE, Miller DL, Kavet R, Walborg EF, Jr. Lack of effect of a 60 Hz magnetic field on biomarkers of tumor promotion in the skin of SENCAR mice. Carcinogenesis 1999;20:685-9.

Dawson TW, Caputa K, Stuchly MA. Magnetic induction at 60 Hz in the human heart: a comparison between the in situ and isolated scenarios. Bioelectromagnetics 1999;20:233-43.

Dawson TW, Caputa K, Stuchly MA. Numerical evaluation of 60 Hz magnetic induction in the human body in complex occupational environments. Phys Med Biol 1999;44:1025-40.

Brainard GC, Kavet R, Kheifets LI. The relationship between electromagnetic field and light exposures to melatonin and breast cancer risk: a review of the relevant literature. J Pineal Res 1999;26:65-100.

Bailey WH, Su SH, Dan Bracken T. Probabilistic approach to ranking sources of uncertainty in ELF magnetic field exposure limits. Health Phys 1999;77:282-90.

Zaffanella LE, Savitz DA, Greenland S, Ebi KL. The residential case-specular method to study wire codes, magnetic fields, and disease. Epidemiology 1998;9:16-20.

Savitz DA, Checkoway H, Loomis DP. Magnetic field exposure and neurodegenerative disease mortality among electric utility workers. Epidemiology 1998;9:398-404.

Sasser LB, Anderson LE, Morris JE, Miller DL, Walborg EF, Jr., Kavet R, Johnston DA, DiGiovanni J. Lack of a co-promoting effect of a 60 Hz magnetic field on skin tumorigenesis in SENCAR mice. Carcinogenesis 1998;19:1617-21.

Reiter RJ, Tan DX, Poeggeler B, Kavet R. Inconsistent suppression of nocturnal pineal melatonin synthesis and serum melatonin levels in rats exposed to pulsed DC magnetic fields. Bioelectromagnetics 1998;19:318-29.

McCann J. Cancer risk assessment of extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields: a critical review of methodology. Environ Health Perspect 1998;106:701-17.

McCann J, Dietrich F, Rafferty C. The genotoxic potential of electric and magnetic fields: an update. Mutat Res 1998;411:45-86.

Loomis A, Kromhout H, Kleckner RC, Savitz DA. Effects of the analytical treatment of exposure data on associations of cancer and occupational magnetic field exposure. Am J Ind Med 1998;34:49-56.

Graham C, Cook MR, Kavet R, Sastre A, Smith DK. Prediction of nocturnal plasma melatonin from morning urinary measures [published erratum appears in J Pineal Res 1999 Mar;26(2):128]. J Pineal Res 1998;24:230-8.

Bracken MB, Belanger K, Hellenbrand K, Addesso K, Patel S, Triche E, Leaderer BP. Correlates of residential wiring code used in studies of health effects of residential electromagnetic fields. Am J Epidemiol 1998;148:467-74.

Belanger K, Leaderer B, Hellenbrand K, Holford TR, McSharry J, Power ME, Bracken MB. Spontaneous abortion and exposure to electric blankets and heated water beds. Epidemiology 1998;9:36-42.

Zaffanella LE, Kavet R, Pappa JR, Sullivan TP. Modeling magnetic fields in residences: validation of the resicalc program. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 1997;7:241-59.

Valberg PA, Kavet R, Rafferty CN. Can low-level 50/60 Hz electric and magnetic fields cause biological effects? [see comments] [published erratum appears in Radiat Res 1997 Nov;148(5):528]. Radiat Res 1997;148:2-21.

Valberg PA, Kavet R, Rafferty CN. Can low-level 50/60 Hz electric and magnetic fields cause biological effects? Radiat Res 1997;148:2-21.

Schroeder JC, Savitz DA. Lymphoma and multiple myeloma mortality in relation to magnetic field exposure among electric utility workers. Am J Ind Med 1997;32:392-402.

Savitz DA, Dufort V, Armstrong B, Theriault G. Lung cancer in relation to employment in the electrical utility industry and exposure to magnetic fields. Occup Environ Med 1997;54:396-402.

McCann J, Kavet R, Rafferty CN. Testing electromagnetic fields for potential carcinogenic activity: a critical review of animal models. Environ Health Perspect 1997;105 Suppl 1:81-103.

Loomis D, Browning SR, Schenck AP, Gregory E, Savitz DA. Cancer mortality among electric utility workers exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls. Occup Environ Med 1997;54:720-8.

Kromhout H, Loomis DP, Kleckner RC, Savitz DA. Sensitivity of the relation between cumulative magnetic field exposure and brain cancer mortality to choice of monitoring data grouping scheme. Epidemiology 1997;8:442-5.

Kheifets LI, Kavet R, Sussman SS. Wire codes, magnetic fields, and childhood cancer. Bioelectromagnetics 1997;18:99-110.

Kheifets LI, Afifi AA, Buffler PA, Zhang ZW, Matkin CC. Occupational electric and magnetic field exposure and leukemia. A meta- analysis. J Occup Environ Med 1997;39:1074-91.

Kheifets LI, London SJ, Peters JM. Leukemia risk and occupational electric field exposure in Los Angeles County, California. Am J Epidemiol 1997;146:87-90.

Kaune WT, Guttman JL, Kavet R. Comparison of coupling of humans to electric and magnetic fields with frequencies between 100 Hz and 100 kHz. Bioelectromagnetics 1997;18:67-76.

Graham C, Cook MR, Riffle DW. Human melatonin during continuous magnetic field exposure. Bioelectromagnetics 1997;18:166-71.

Bracken TD, Senior RS, Rankin RF, Bailey WH, Kavet R. Magnetic field exposures in the electric utility industry relevant to occupational guideline levels. Appl. Occup. Environ. Hyg. 1997;12:756-768.

Bailey WH, Su SH, Bracken TD, Kavet R. Summary and evaluation of guidelines for occupational exposure to power frequency electric and magnetic fields. Health Phys 1997;73:433-53.

Sussman SS, Kheifets LI. Re: "Adult leukemia risk and personal appliance use: a preliminary study". Am J Epidemiol 1996;143:743-4.

Sasser LB, Morris JE, Miller DL, Rafferty CN, Ebi KL, Anderson LE. Exposure to 60 Hz magnetic fields does not alter clinical progression of LGL leukemia in Fischer rats. Carcinogenesis 1996;17:2681-7.

Kavet R. EMF and current cancer concepts. Bioelectromagnetics 1996;17:339-57.

Graham C, Cook MR, Riffle DW, Gerkovich MM, Cohen HD. Nocturnal melatonin levels in human volunteers exposed to intermittent 60 Hz magnetic fields. Bioelectromagnetics 1996;17:263-73.

Savitz DA, Loomis DP. Magnetic field exposure in relation to leukemia and brain cancer mortality among electric utility workers. Am J Epidemiol 1995;141:123-34.

Kromhout H, Loomis DP, Mihlan GJ, Peipins LA, Kleckner RC, Iriye R, Savitz DA. Assessment and grouping of occupational magnetic field exposure in five electric utility companies. Scand J Work Environ Health 1995;21:43-50.

Kheifets LI, Afifi AA, Buffler PA, Zhang ZW. Occupational electric and magnetic field exposure and brain cancer: a meta-analysis. J Occup Environ Med 1995;37:1327-41.

Kavet R. Magnetic field exposure assessment. In: Blank M, ed. Electromagnetic Fields: Biological Interactions and Mechanisms. Washington, DC : American Chemical Society, 1995;191-223.

Savitz DA, Ohya T, Loomis DP, Senior RS, Bracken TD, Howard RL. Correlations among indices of electric and magnetic field exposure in electric utility workers. Bioelectromagnetics 1994;15:193-204.

Loomis DP, Kromhout H, Peipins LA, Kleckner RC, lriye R, Savitz DA. Sampling design and field methods of a large, randomized, multisite survey of occupational magnetic field exposure. Appl. Occup. Ind. Hyg. 1994;9:49-52.

Loomis DP, Peipins LA, Browning SR, Howard RL, Kromhout H, Savitz DA. Organization and classification of work history data in industry-wide studies: an application to the electric power industry. Am J Ind Med 1994;26:413-25.

Koontz MD, Dietrich FM. Variability and predictability of children's exposure to magnetic fields. J. Expo. Anal. Environ. Epidemiol. 1994;4:287-307.

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Mezei G, Benyi M, Muller A. Mobile phone ownership and use among school children in three Hungarian cities. Bioelectromagnetics 2007; 28:309-15.

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Foliart DE, Pollock BH, Mezei G, Iriye R, Silva JM, Ebi KL, Kheifets L, Link MP, Kavet R. Magnetic field exposure and long-term survival among children with leukaemia. Br J Cancer 2006;94:161-4.

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Niple JC, Sahl JD, Kelsh MA, Kavet R. Equipment grounding affects contact current exposure: a case study of sewing machines. Ann Occup Hyg 2005;49:673-82.

Mezei G, Cher D, Kelsh M, Edinboro C, Chapman P, Kavet R. Occupational magnetic field exposure, cardiovascular disease mortality, and potential confounding by smoking. Ann Epidemiol 2005;15:622-9.

Kheifets L, Sahl JD, Shimkhada R, Repacholi MH. Developing policy in the face of scientific uncertainty: Interpreting 0.3 mT or 0.4 mT cutpoints from EMF epidemiologic studies. Risk Anal 2005;25:927-35.

Kavet R. Contact current hypothesis: Summary of results to date. Bioelectromagnetics 2005;26:S75-S85.

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Niple JC, Daigle JP, Zaffanella LE, Sullivan T, Kavet R. A portable meter for measuring low frequency currents in the human body. Bioelectromagnetics 2004;25:369-73.

Mezei G, Papp C, Toth-Pal E, Beke A, Papp Z. Factors influencing parental decision making in prenatal diagnosis of sex chromosome aneuploidy. Obstet Gynecol 2004;104:94-101.

McCormick DL, Kavet R. Animal models for the study of childhood leukemia: considerations for model identification and optimization to identify potential risk factors. Int J Toxicol 2004;23:149-61.

Kavet R, Zaffanella LE, Pearson RL, Dallapiazza J. Association of residential magnetic fields with contact voltage. Bioelectromagnetics 2004;25:530-6.

Forssen UM, Mezei G, Nise G, Feychting M. Occupational magnetic field exposure among women in Stockholm County, Sweden. Occup Environ Med 2004;61:594-602.

Dawson TW, Stuchly MA, Kavet R. Electric fields in the human body due to electrostatic discharges. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2004;51:1460-8.

Dawson TW, Stuchly MA, Kavet R. Evaluation of interactions of electric fields due to electrostatic discharge with human tissue. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2004;51:2194-8.

Kelsh MA, Bracken TD, Sahl JD, Shum M, Ebi KL. Occupational magnetic field exposures of garment workers: results of personal and survey measurements. Bioelectromagnetics 2003;24:316-26.

Dawson TW, Caputa K, Stuchly MA, Kavet R. Comparison of electric fields induced in humans and rodents by 60-Hz contact currents. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2003;50:744-53.

Brain JD, Kavet R, McCormick DL, Poole C, Silverman LB, Smith TJ, Valberg PA, Van Etten RA, Weaver JC. Childhood leukemia: electric and magnetic fields as possible risk factors. Environ Health Perspect 2003;111:962-70.

Yamaguchi DT, Huang J, Ma D, Wang PK. Inhibition of gap junction intercellular communication by extremely low- frequency electromagnetic fields in osteoblast-like models is dependent on cell differentiation. J Cell Physiol 2002;190:180-8.

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Stuchly MA, Dawson TW. Human body exposure to power lines: relation of induced quantities to external magnetic fields. Health Phys 2002;83:333-40.

Sheppard AR, Kavet R, Renew DC. Exposure guidelines for low-frequency electric and magnetic fields: report from the Brussels workshop. Health Phys 2002;83:324-32.

Saunders RD, Jefferys JG. Weak electric field interactions in the central nervous system. Health Phys 2002;83:366-75.

Sastre A, Kavet R. Candidate sites of action for microdosimetry associated with exposure to extremely-low-frequency magnetic fields, electric fields and contact currents. Health Phys 2002;83:387-94.

Sahl J, Mezei G, Kavet R, McMillan A, Silvers A, Sastre A, Kheifets L. Occupational magnetic field exposure and cardiovascular mortality in a cohort of electric utility workers. Am J Epidemiol. 2002;156:913-918.

Renew DC, Glover ID. Basic restrictions in EMF exposure guidelines. Health Phys 2002;83:395-401.

Reilly JP, Diamant AM. Neuroelectric mechanisms applied to low frequency electric and magnetic field exposure guidelines--part II: non sinusoidal waveforms. Health Phys 2002;83:356-65.

Reilly JP. Neuroelectric mechanisms applied to low frequency electric and magnetic field exposure guidelines--part I: sinusoidal waveforms. Health Phys 2002;83:341-55.

Rankin RF, Dan Bracken T, Senior RS, Kavet R, Montgomery JH. Results of a multisite study of U.S. residential magnetic fields. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 2002;12:9-20.

Mezei G, Kheifets LI. Clues to the possible viral etiology of childhood leukemia. Technology 2002;9:3-14.

Kavet R, Zaffanella LE. Contact voltage measured in residences: implications to the association between magnetic fields and childhood leukemia. Bioelectromagnetics 2002;23:464-474.

Kaune WT, Dovan T, Kavet RI, Savitz DA, Neutra RR. Study of high- and low-current-configuration homes from the 1988 Denver childhood cancer study. Bioelectromagnetics 2002;23:177-88.

Johnson KC, Goodman M, Kelsh M, Iannuzzi J, Ebi K, Langholz B. Passive and active smoking as possible confounders in studies of breast cancer risk. Epidemiology 2002;13:610; discussion 610-1.

Goodman M, Kelsh M, Ebi K, Iannuzzi J, Langholz B. Evaluation of potential confounders in planning a study of occupational magnetic field exposure and female breast cancer. Epidemiology 2002;13:50-8.

Foliart DE, Iriye RN, Silva JM, Mezei G, Tarr KJ, Ebi KL. Correlation of year-to-year magnetic field exposure metrics among children in a leukemia survival study. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 2002;12:441-7.

Dawson TW, Caputa K, Stuchly MA, Shepard RB, Kavet R, Sastre A. Pacemaker interference by magnetic fields at power line frequencies. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2002;49:254-62.

Dawson TW, Caputa K, Stuchly MA, Kavet R. Pacemaker interference by 60-Hz contact currents. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2002;49:878-886.

Dawson TW, Caputa K, Stuchly MA. Magnetic field exposures for UK live-line workers. Phys Med Biol 2002;47:995-1012.

Dawson TW, Caputa K, Stuchly MA. Electric fields induced in humans and rodents by 60 Hz magnetic fields. Phys Med Biol 2002;47:2561-8.

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Bailey WH. Dealing with uncertainty in formulating occupational and public exposure limits. Health Phys 2002;83:402-8.

Bailey WH. Health effects relevant to the setting of EMF exposure limits. Health Phys 2002;83:376-86.

van Wijngaarden E, Savitz DA, Kleckner RC, Kavet R, Loomis D. Mortality patterns by occupation in a cohort of electric utility workers. Am J Ind Med 2001;40:667–73.

Mezei G, Kheifets LI, Nelson LM, Mills KM, Iriye R, Kelsey JL. Household appliance use and residential exposure to 60-hz magnetic fields. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 2001;11:41–9.

Kheifets LI. Electric and magnetic field exposure and brain cancer: a review. Bioelectromagnetics 2001;Suppl:S120–31.

Kheifets LI, Greenberg RS, Neutra RR, Hester GL, Poole CL, Rall DP, Lundell G. Electric and magnetic fields and cancer: case study. Am J Epidemiol 2001;154:S50–9.

Kavet R, Stuchly MA, Bailey WH, Bracken TD. Evaluation of biological effects, dosimetric models, and exposure assessment related to ELF electric- and magnetic-field guidelines. Appl Occup Environ Hyg 2001;16:1118–38.

Kaune WT, Davis S, Stevens RG, Mirick DK, Kheifets L. Measuring temporal variability in residential magnetic field exposures. Bioelectromagnetics 2001;22:232–45.

Hefeneider SH, McCoy SL, Hausman FA, Christensen HL, Takahashi D, Perrin N, Bracken TD, Shin KY, Hall AS. Long-term effects of 60-Hz electric vs. magnetic fields on IL-1 and IL-2 activity in sheep. Bioelectromagnetics 2001;22:170–7.

Guttman JL, Niple J, Kavet R, Johnson GB. Measurement instrumentation for transient magnetic fields and currents. Proc IEEE EMC Int Symp 2001;1:419–424.

Guttman JL, Kavet R, Johnson GB. Transient magnetic fields and currents in residences. Proc IEEE EMC Int Symp. Montreal, Canada, 2001;227–232.

Foliart DE, Iriye RN, Tarr KJ, Silva JM, Kavet R, Ebi KL. Alternative magnetic field exposure metrics: relationship to TWA, appliance use, and demographic characteristics of children in a leukemia survival study. Bioelectromagnetics 2001;22:574–580.

Dawson TW, Caputa K, Stuchly MA, Kavet R. Electric fields in the human body resulting from 60-Hz contact currents. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2001;48:1020–1026.

Davis S, Kaune WT, Mirick DK, Chen C, Stevens RG. Residential magnetic fields, light-at-night, and nocturnal urinary 6- sulfatoxymelatonin concentration in women. Am J Epidemiol 2001;154:591–600.

Bracken TD, Rankin RF, Senior RS, Kavet R, Geissinger LG. Magnetic-field exposures of cable splicers in electrical network distribution vaults. Appl Occup Environ Hyg 2001;16:369–79.

Anderson LE, Morris JE, Miller DL, Rafferty CN, Ebi KL, Sasser LB. Large granular lymphocytic (LGL) leukemia in rats exposed to intermittent 60 Hz magnetic fields. Bioelectromagnetics 2001;22:185–93.

van Wijngaarden E, Savitz DA. Occupational sunlight exposure in relation to suicide among electric utility workers. Am J Ind Med 2000;38:149–54.

van Wijngaarden E, Savitz DA, Kleckner RC, Cai J, Loomis D. Exposure to electromagnetic fields and suicide among electric utility workers: a nested case-control study. West J Med 2000;173:94–100.

Stevens RG, Davis S, Mirick DK, Kheifets L, Kaune W. Alcohol consumption and urinary concentration of 6-sulfatoxymelatonin in healthy women. Epidemiology 2000;11:660–5.

Savitz DA, Cai J, van Wijngaarden E, Loomis D, Mihlan G, Dufort V, Kleckner RC, Nylander-French L, Kromhout H, Zhou H. Case-cohort analysis of brain cancer and leukemia in electric utility workers using a refined magnetic field job-exposure matrix. Am J Ind Med 2000;38:417–25.

Mills KM, Kheifets LI, Nelson LM, Bloch DA, Takemoto-Hambleton R, Kelsey JL. Reliability of proxy-reported and self-reported household appliance use. Epidemiology 2000;11:581–8.

McCann J, Kavet R, Rafferty CN. Assessing the potential carcinogenic activity of magnetic fields using animal models. Environ Health Perspect 2000;108 Suppl 1:79–100.

Kavet R, Zaffanella LE, Daigle JP, Ebi KL. The possible role of contact current in cancer risk associated with residential magnetic fields. Bioelectromagnetics 2000;21:538–53.

Kaune WT, Bracken TD, Senior RS, Rankin RF, Niple JC, Kavet R. Rate of occurrence of transient magnetic field events in U.S. residences. Bioelectromagnetics 2000;21:197–213.

Graham C, Sastre A, Cook MR, Kavet R. Heart rate variability and physiological arousal in men exposed to 60 Hz magnetic fields. Bioelectromagnetics 2000;21:480–2.

Graham C, Sastre A, Cook MR, Kavet R, Gerkovich MM, Riffle DW. Exposure to strong ELF magnetic fields does not alter cardiac autonomic control mechanisms. Bioelectromagnetics 2000;21:413–21.

Graham C, Cook MR, Sastre A, Gerkovich MM, Kavet R. Cardiac autonomic control mechanisms in power-frequency magnetic fields: a multistudy analysis. Environ Health Perspect 2000;108:737–742.

Ebi KL, Kheifets LI, Pearson RL, Wachtel H. Description of a new computer wire coding method and its application to evaluate potential control selection bias in the Savitz et al. childhood cancer study. Bioelectromagnetics 2000;21:346–53.

Dawson TW, Stuchly MA, Caputa K, Sastre A, Shepard RB, Kavet R. Pacemaker interference and low-frequency electric induction in humans by external fields and electrodes. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2000;47:1211–1218.

Cook MR, Graham C, Kavet R, Stevens RG, Davis S, Kheifets L. Morning urinary assessment of nocturnal melatonin secretion in older women. J Pineal Res 2000;28:41–7.

Chen G, Upham BL, Sun W, Chang CC, Rothwell EJ, Chen KM, Yamasaki H, Trosko JE. Effect of electromagnetic field exposure on chemically induced differentiation of friend erythroleukemia cells. Environ Health Perspect 2000;108:967–72.

Boorman GA, Rafferty CN, Ward JM, Sills RC. Leukemia and lymphoma incidence in rodents exposed to low-frequency magnetic fields. Radiat Res 2000;153:627–36.

Babbitt JT, Kharazi AI, Taylor JM, Bonds CB, Mirell SG, Frumkin E, Zhuang D, Hahn TJ. Hematopoietic neoplasia in C57BL/6 mice exposed to split-dose ionizing radiation and circularly polarized 60 Hz magnetic fields. Carcinogenesis 2000;21:1379–89.

Williams JR, Zhang Y, Zhou H, Osman M, Cha D, Kavet R, Cuccinotta F, Dicello JF, Dillehay LE. Predicting cancer rates in astronauts from animal carcinogenesis studies and cellular markers. Mutat Res 1999;430:255–69.

van Wijngaarden E, Savitz DA, Kleckner RC, Mihlan G, Nylander-French LA, Dufort V, Cai J, Loomis D, Kromhout H. Refinements in magnetic field exposure assignment for a case-cohort study of electrical utility workers. Ann Occup Hyg 1999;43:485–92.

Savitz DA, Liao D, Sastre A, Kleckner RC, Kavet R. Magnetic field exposure and cardiovascular disease mortality among electric utility workers [see comments]. Am J Epidemiol 1999;149:135–42.

Savitz DA, Liao D, Sastre A, Kleckner RC, Kavet R. Magnetic field exposure and cardiovascular disease mortality among electric utility workers. Am J Epidemiol 1999;149:135–42.

Morris JE, Sasser LB, Miller DL, Dagle GE, Rafferty CN, Ebi KL, Anderson LE. Clinical progression of transplanted large granular lymphocytic leukemia in Fischer 344 rats exposed to 60 Hz magnetic fields. Bioelectromagnetics 1999;20:48–56.

McBride ML, Gallagher RP, Theriault G, Armstrong BG, Tamaro S, Spinelli JJ, Deadman JE, Fincham S, Robson D, Choi W. Power-frequency electric and magnetic fields and risk of childhood leukemia in Canada. Am J Epidemiol 1999;149:831–42.

Loomis D, Dufort V, Kleckner RC, Savitz DA. Fatal occupational injuries among electric power company workers. Am J Ind Med 1999;35:302–9.

Kheifets L. Occupational exposure assessment in epidemiological studies of EMF. Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry 1999;83:61–69.

Kheifets LI, Sussman SS, Preston-Martin S. Childhood brain tumors and residential electromagnetic fields (EMF). Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 1999;159:111–29.

Kheifets LI, Matkin CC. Industrialization, electromagnetic fields, and breast cancer risk. Environ Health Perspect 1999;107 Suppl 1:145–54.

Kheifets LI, Gilbert ES, Sussman SS, Guenel P, Sahl JD, Savitz DA, Theriault G. Comparative analyses of the studies of magnetic fields and cancer in electric utility workers: studies from France, Canada, and the United States. Occup Environ Med 1999;56:567–74.

Kavet R, Ulrich RM, Kaune WT, Johnson GB, Powers T. Determinants of power-frequency magnetic fields in residences located away from overhead power lines. Bioelectromagnetics 1999;20:306–18.

Kavet R. ELF magnetic fields, transients and TWA metrics. Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry 1999;83:29–40.

Ebi KL. Developments in the generation and interpretation of wire codes. Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry 1999;83:71–78.

Ebi KL, Zaffanella LE, Greenland S. Application of the case-specular method to two studies of wire codes and childhood cancers. Epidemiology 1999;10:398–404.

DiGiovanni J, Johnston DA, Rupp T, Sasser LB, Anderson LE, Morris JE, Miller DL, Kavet R, Walborg EF, Jr. Lack of effect of a 60 Hz magnetic field on biomarkers of tumor promotion in the skin of SENCAR mice. Carcinogenesis 1999;20:685–9.

Dawson TW, Caputa K, Stuchly MA. Magnetic induction at 60 Hz in the human heart: a comparison between the in situ and isolated scenarios. Bioelectromagnetics 1999;20:233–43.

Dawson TW, Caputa K, Stuchly MA. Numerical evaluation of 60 Hz magnetic induction in the human body in complex occupational environments. Phys Med Biol 1999;44:1025–40.

Brainard GC, Kavet R, Kheifets LI. The relationship between electromagnetic field and light exposures to melatonin and breast cancer risk: a review of the relevant literature. J Pineal Res 1999;26:65–100.

Bailey WH, Su SH, Dan Bracken T. Probabilistic approach to ranking sources of uncertainty in ELF magnetic field exposure limits. Health Phys 1999;77:282–90.

Zaffanella LE, Savitz DA, Greenland S, Ebi KL. The residential case-specular method to study wire codes, magnetic fields, and disease. Epidemiology 1998;9:16–20.

Savitz DA, Checkoway H, Loomis DP. Magnetic field exposure and neurodegenerative disease mortality among electric utility workers. Epidemiology 1998;9:398–404.

Sasser LB, Anderson LE, Morris JE, Miller DL, Walborg EF, Jr., Kavet R, Johnston DA, DiGiovanni J. Lack of a co-promoting effect of a 60 Hz magnetic field on skin tumorigenesis in SENCAR mice. Carcinogenesis 1998;19:1617–21.

Reiter RJ, Tan DX, Poeggeler B, Kavet R. Inconsistent suppression of nocturnal pineal melatonin synthesis and serum melatonin levels in rats exposed to pulsed DC magnetic fields. Bioelectromagnetics 1998;19:318–29.

McCann J. Cancer risk assessment of extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields: a critical review of methodology. Environ Health Perspect 1998;106:701–17.

McCann J, Dietrich F, Rafferty C. The genotoxic potential of electric and magnetic fields: an update. Mutat Res 1998;411:45–86.

Loomis A, Kromhout H, Kleckner RC, Savitz DA. Effects of the analytical treatment of exposure data on associations of cancer and occupational magnetic field exposure. Am J Ind Med 1998;34:49–56.

Graham C, Cook MR, Kavet R, Sastre A, Smith DK. Prediction of nocturnal plasma melatonin from morning urinary measures [published erratum appears in J Pineal Res 1999 Mar;26(2):128]. J Pineal Res 1998;24:230–8.

Bracken MB, Belanger K, Hellenbrand K, Addesso K, Patel S, Triche E, Leaderer BP. Correlates of residential wiring code used in studies of health effects of residential electromagnetic fields. Am J Epidemiol 1998;148:467–74.

Belanger K, Leaderer B, Hellenbrand K, Holford TR, McSharry J, Power ME, Bracken MB. Spontaneous abortion and exposure to electric blankets and heated water beds. Epidemiology 1998;9:36–42.

Zaffanella LE, Kavet R, Pappa JR, Sullivan TP. Modeling magnetic fields in residences: validation of the resicalc program. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 1997;7:241–59.

Valberg PA, Kavet R, Rafferty CN. Can low-level 50/60 Hz electric and magnetic fields cause biological effects? [see comments] [published erratum appears in Radiat Res 1997 Nov;148(5):528]. Radiat Res 1997;148:2–21.

Valberg PA, Kavet R, Rafferty CN. Can low-level 50/60 Hz electric and magnetic fields cause biological effects? Radiat Res 1997;148:2–21.

Schroeder JC, Savitz DA. Lymphoma and multiple myeloma mortality in relation to magnetic field exposure among electric utility workers. Am J Ind Med 1997;32:392–402.

Savitz DA, Dufort V, Armstrong B, Theriault G. Lung cancer in relation to employment in the electrical utility industry and exposure to magnetic fields. Occup Environ Med 1997;54:396–402.

McCann J, Kavet R, Rafferty CN. Testing electromagnetic fields for potential carcinogenic activity: a critical review of animal models. Environ Health Perspect 1997;105 Suppl 1:81–103.

Loomis D, Browning SR, Schenck AP, Gregory E, Savitz DA. Cancer mortality among electric utility workers exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls. Occup Environ Med 1997;54:720–8.

Kromhout H, Loomis DP, Kleckner RC, Savitz DA. Sensitivity of the relation between cumulative magnetic field exposure and brain cancer mortality to choice of monitoring data grouping scheme. Epidemiology 1997;8:442–5.

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